Following the two focus groups, I decided to continue my readings on the space/place dichotomy to have an even more precise knowledge on the subject. This will be even more useful as I think that it will constitute my part of the presentation (as most of my readings were on this subject this is the area within our topic that I feel l the most comfortable with). I will here summarize the two texts that I read.
Michael Goodchild, Linna Li. ‘Formalizing space and place’, Fonder les sciences du territoire, Nov 2011, pp.177-183.
=> Space, or the spatial perspective, is generally held to refer to the surface and near-surface of the Earth, as organized by coordinate systems such as latitude and longitude, and to concepts such as distance and direction that are measurable or computable within that space.
=> Defined in this way, space has strong connotations of science and its aims of rigor and replicability.
=> Place, on the other hand, is normally defined as a social construction.
=> A place is a named domain that can occur in human discourse (by contrast, references to latitude and longitude in human discourse are of course extremely rare).
=> Places may be persistent through time, or transient and related to specific events. They may be poorly defined, with indeterminate boundaries that make it difficult to determine whether a given spatial location is or is not within a named place.
=> While it lacks an exact English equivalent, the French term ‘territoire’ has elements of both space and place, as well as more abstract concepts such as landscape.
=> Recently => emergence of space as a common, integrating theme in the social sciences and humanities.
John Agnew, Chapter 23 ‘Space and Place’ in J. Agnew and D. Livingstone (University of California, Los Angeles) London: Sage. 2011
=> Space is regarded largely as a dimension within which matter is located or a grid within which substantive items are contained.
=> Place = geographic meaning as “a portion of space in which people dwell together” and “locality”
=> ALSO = place is a “rank” in a list (as “in the first place”), a temporal ordering (as in something “took place”), and a “position” in a social order (as in “knowing your place”)
=> In the simplest sense, place refers to either a location somewhere or to the occupation of that location => first sense is of having an address and the second is about living at that address
=> Particularly powerful has been the idea derived from late-nineteenth century social thought that, in social terms at least, place equates to a collectivist traditional community and that as modern national (and global) society has inevitably eclipsed community so has place lost its significance