AGRICULTURE AND COMPETITION LAW: A TALE OF UNEASY RELATIONSHIP?

by Nidhi Singh* 

I

BRIEF BACKGROUND ON THE COMMON AGRICULTURAL POLICY (CAP)

 

Since the Treaty of Rome has come into force, there has been an incessant conflict between the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)[1] and EU competition policies. Some scholars have argued that farming activities should be entirely exempt from competition law given the peculiarities of the agriculture industry. Whereas some hold the view that agriculture sector is not that unique that it should be given the benefit of exemption from the principles of Competition law.[2] This article shall discuss the problems posed by the agricultural sector, which are in conflict with EU competition policies. Continue reading

Legal Mechanism to Reduce Aviation’s Climate Change Impact— Introducing CORSIA

*Luping Zhang, PhD Researcher King’s College London

Business today is no longer about usual commodities. Environment and environmental issues themselves can be transformed into commodities, such as carbon credit. In 2015, the world has witnessed a new milestone of the Paris Agreement in the battle of climate change. However, specific attention is drawn to an industry which contributes a lot to the carbon emission while excluded by the Paris Agreement. This industry is aviation. Continue reading

The Role of Private Equity Funds in the Troubled Shipping Industry

By Ioannis Yiasemis

When considering troubled industries in the current economic environment, one of the most obvious examples is the shipping industry. An indication of the problems faced by shipping companies is the dramatic fall over the past two years in the freight rate (the price at which a certain cargo is delivered from one point to another). As of March 2016, it costs around $400 to move a forty-foot container from Shenzhen to Rotterdam, which will barely cover the cost of fuel, handling and Suez Canal fees. Continue reading