A detailed and reflective account of our recent Panel meeting – Iva Koshova

The first meeting of King’s Muscle Lab Student Advisory Panel began with an introduction on what the future panels will consist of as well as some background on the panel. For example, the laboratory was started by Professor John Moxham, to investigate the function of the respiratory and skeletal muscles and how this changes in people with lung disease. I think that it’s an interesting field of research as it enables a group of people from diverse career backgrounds, from physiology to medicine to biomedical engineering, to come together to conduct research. The research team undertakes clinical physiological research in adults and children with and without lung (or other) diseases. After the initial introduction for the panel, the visiting professionals introduced who they were by outlining their career journey from A levels to what they were currently doing. In this meeting the professionals were Miss Claire Pringle, Dr Peter Cho, Miss Hannah Perry and Dr Alexis Cullen. Then we got into groups of around seven people and started the meeting’s discussion topic which was on tobacco and its effects. Each of the visiting professionals took turns to talk to each group.
The discussions within each group were split in four categories, each of which was tailored to the professionals’ specialisation: physical effects of tobacco with Dr Peter Cho; tobacco and the intersection of mental health with Dr Alexis Cullen; public health and tobacco with Miss Claire Pringle; and imaging the effects of tobacco with Miss Hannah Perry. The discussions were initiated by questions from the professionals which people within the groups answered but the discussions were also integrated with expert input from the professionals. In my group the first discussion was with Miss Hannah Perry where we focused on the chemical properties of tobacco. Whilst some people in my group guessed that there were around 200 chemicals within a cigarette, there are approximately 7,000 including over 60 known cancer-causing chemicals. Some of those carcinogenic chemicals are metals or radioactive compounds. It was interesting to discover more of the chemicals inside cigarette smoke other than nicotine and tar. For example, there is also the fatal carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide.
The next discussion was with Dr Peter Cho where we discussed some of the physical effects on the body such as breathlessness due to swelling and narrowing of the lung airways and excess mucus in the lung passages. The most intriguing fact we learned in that discussion, in my opinion was the fact that there is permanent damage to the air sacs of the lungs due to scarring from the constant strain from coughing. In the discussion with Dr Alexis Cullen we were stimulated to think about possible relationships between mental health and smoking. For instance, ways in which we could test whether individuals with mental health are more likely to smoke or whether smoking led to and/or worsened mental health. What I found most fascinating was the fact that research needs to be cautious of third factors that could affect the investigation. For example, a third factor could be the socio-economic background of the individuals causing them to either start smoking or affecting their mental health. The final discussion was with Miss Claire Pringle where we discussed ways in which the government could help solve the public issue of smoking. It was interesting because we were made aware of the difficulties of solving such big problems but also discovered that there are some solutions which worked well within certain areas such as banning smoking from certain public areas but didn’t work as well in other areas. Overall, the discussions were great as we weren’t simply told information we were prompted to think and evaluate information regarding the topic. I think that the panel is a fantastic opportunity because we were able to communicate with professionals on subject matters that interested us and gain knowledge from professionals who specialise in that area. Also, there isn’t really any other way to experience this type of learning experience elsewhere. Moreover, it was beneficial as we could learn about possible routes within medicine related jobs as well as discover more roles within the industry.

Iva Koshova, Year 12, Harris Academy Greenwich

A joint post from three Panel students reflecting on our recent tobacco-themed meeting

Selected students from Harris Experience Advanced attended their first King’s Muscle Lab student panel meeting at King’s College London on Monday as part of their academic cultural enhancement. Established by Professor John Moxham, King’s Muscle Lab is a respiratory and physiology research facility, consisting of academics from all fields of health; such as medicine, physiotherapy and nursing and was created with the purpose of investigating the function of respiratory and skeletal muscles and how this changes in people with lung disease. Their work is largely focused on physiology, which is the study of how the systems of the body work and its relation to different conditions and diseases in which people have problems with their breathing. Being a part of the student panel will provide various opportunities and this first meeting was just the start of them.
The students were joined by visiting professionals working in a variety of departments ranging from Psychosis Studies to Health and Social Care in the United Kingdom Government and they gave presentations outlining their carer trajectories and current research areas and roles. Then it was discussion time. The topic brought to the table was ‘Tobacco and its Effects’, and the students were separated into small groups, each with a professional to discuss.
With Dr Alexis Cullen, an expert in psychosis studies, the groups talked about how smoking links to mental health issues, and observed the fact that there are a lot of other contributing factors to consider when looking at the correlation between smoking and mental health issues, for example; stress, home life and family problems. Ms Claire Pringle currently works in the Department of Health and Social Care, United Kingdom Government and the small group discussion with her looked at the social issues surrounding tobacco. The student panel argued whether tobacco could ever be criminalised, and introduced the comparison of Marijuana, discussing whether the use of it could ever be legalised. The role marketing can play in deterring people from smoking was an avenue which was also explored. Packaging of cigarettes is becoming less appealing in government efforts to try to discourage people from smoking, for example the U.K has begun to adopt cigarette packaging with graphic images on them such as people with rotting teeth, and bold letters which read; ‘Smoking Kills’ also appear on the boxes. The physical effects of smoking were explored with Dr Peter Cho. These consist of addiction to nicotine, many types of cancer, and COPD. Whilst the physical effects of smoking are horrific, the most shocking facts however, came from the discussions with Ms Hannah Perry, of the School of Biomedical Engineering and Imaging Sciences. No one expected to hear that there are around 7,000 chemicals inside cigarettes, and 70 of these are carcinogenic.
After the small group talks, the panel reunited to share the things they had learnt with each other. The afternoon was intellectually engaging and students were able to broaden their knowledge, talking about elements of life they come across each day, but do not necessarily give a second thought. They look forward to the next King’s Muscle Lab meeting and what opportunities for the future, panel membership might mean.

By Eliana Oworu, Uzma Niazi and Gisela Simbana-Tipan
(Year 12, HEA, Harris Academy South Norwood)

Reflections on our recent Panel meeting – Gilad Fibeesh

On 26th of February the Student Panel met to hear from academics and discuss tobacco and its effects. The Panel was comprised of students ranging from Year 11 (like myself and fellow JFS School members) to Year 13 with the vast majority sharing a strong interest in biology and many considering pursuing this, medicine or related sciences as a future career option. The attending schools were JFS School, Harris Academy, Burntwood Academy and Graveney School.
Upon arrival, we were briefed by Dr MacBean regarding the agenda for the day and the future opportunities for the panel members including database updating, summarising published researches and many other forms of work experience. The Panel was subsequently introduced to the visiting academics.
Miss Claire Pringle, working in the Department of Health & Social care told us about the various means used to cut down on the number of peoples starting to consume tobacco. It was particularly interesting to find out that the new green packaging of cigarettes has come as a result of market research used to find that the colour is the least appealing as well as, looking into the difficulties that arise when deterring young people from starting smoking through educating them without patronising them.
With Dr Peter Cho, we focussed on the physiological effects of tobacco on the body especially looking at tar and nicotine and considering how they affect people’s body function such as, by raising blood pressure which increases the risk of blood clots that can cause heart attacks. It was intriguing to discover that the harmful effects of tobacco, in terms of causing cancer, were first noticed when researchers compared the list of doctors that smoked and the list of those that developed cancer and spotted a clear correlation.
The topic of medically imaging the effects of tobacco was looked at with Miss Hannah Perry and the mechanisms behind the 3 main imaging methods (CT, PET and MRI) being the main focus of conversation. I found the fact that usually, a radioactive fluorine isotope, is attached to glucose molecules fascinating as a large amount of the glucose goes to the tumour to provide energy for its rapid cell division. The fact that MRI imaging can be used to locate tumours because the fast growth does not allow the tumour to be properly connected to the lymphatic system, which draws away water, was also interesting.
Finally, with Dr Alexis Cullen we looked at understanding the connection between smoking and psychosis and considered the nature of the relationship: does smoking affect the brain by physically cause the development of this mental illness? Or is there some confounding factor which has a link to smoking and a link to psychosis but no direct causational relationship? This along with thinking about some of the ethical concerns involved with research regarding this connection were all ideas discussed.
Overall, the day was filled to the brim with information, questions and answers with some very interesting academics and it is certain that the entire Panel learnt plenty.

Gilad Fibeesh, Year 11, JFS School, Harrow

A third Student Panel member writes about her practical experiences

On 5th July, we explored how researchers use an EMG to measure the effort the intercostal muscles exert during breathing. We did four tests on an employee, Galia. The first test was when DSC_2259she was breathing normally with no resistance and her results were recorded on an EMG trace which we extrapolated from and recorded on a table. We carried out the other three tests using different tube lengths (representing different stages of resistance) which were attached to a mask. While collecting the results we found that one of the results did not fit the pattern. To resolve this issue we should have repeated the experiment at  least three times. We tried out the equipment on ourselves and found how different factors affected the EMG trace e.g. your posture and slight movements can cause your intercostal muscles to work harder therefore the peaks on tDSC_2258he EMG trace are taller. We learnt that testing on children is hard work as they cannot stay still for a long period of time so you need to use certain tactics like putting on Peppa Pig to keep them entertained. We thoroughly enjoyed our experience and learnt valuable knowledge.
Trinecia Compton, Year 12, Burntwood Academy

Another Student Panel member explains her practical session

On 5th July was our second Student Panel meeting where we were fortunate enough to receive hands-on practical experience in the labs of the Chest Unit at King’s College Hospital! Our main point of interest today was to investigate measurements of inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength. The session started with all the members reintroducing ourselves to one another and speaking about what we study and what we would like to do in the future. It was great to catch up again and meet new members who I didn’t see at our last meeting! I made a load of new friends who gave me valuable tips regarding university and a career in medicine and science. These activities made us all feel very welcome again and very excited for the afternoon!

We were split into three groups depending on what we’d prefer to investigate and I chose to do respiratory muscle testing. My team’s practical was led by Brittany BestIMG_20170718_161321 who is a current MSc student. Britt was extremely supportive and reassuring which made us find the practical easy and exciting to carry out. She started by teaching us the names and functions of the equipment which we were going to use; these included nose bungs, mouth pieces and a 3-chamber metal valve which we all used at some point of our practical. We also got to pop in to the other group’s rooms and see the cool stuff they were using such as an ECG! In my team, we performed measurements of inspiratory and expiratory muscle strength using the PImax, PEmax and SNIP technique. The PImax was much harder to carry out because we were not used to the equipment but also because it was so unusual to us! This made us think about how difficult a healthcare professional may find it to get accurate data from a patient’s results as patients can often be giggly or even find the unusual technique very awkward and hence will alter their breathing pattern, either purposefully or subconsciously. To obtain results, patients must suck air into their lungs through a mouth-piece. This may sound simple at first, however it quickly challenged our lung muscle ability when my partner was told to close one of the valves. It felt as though my lungs were about to burst because I couldn’t breathe in any air after a certain point due to the valve, but was generating a lot of pressure in my lungs! The SNIP test was much easier to do as it just involved sticking a nose-bung up your nose and breathing regularly with a little twist: give a powerful sniff after every third breath out. Although it isn’t the most fashionable way to gather results, it sure was easier!

IMG_20170718_161324Once we all had a chance to take on the roles of both a patient and the scientist, we each analysed our data to see if our values fell into the predicted range values. After a couple of attempts with Brittany reassuring us that it is tough when you’re new to it, we finally got the hang of it! Our values started looking normal as we got more used to the test.

Once we finished our practical, we then all discussed how these tests might be adapted to different patient populations including younger children or those on intensive care. We discussed about how someone on intensive care may not be able to breathe as they usually would and hence more invasive measures would be taken into consideration such as a technique which runs a tube through your nose and down the back of your throat which allows successful results to be collected. We also thought of the difficulties an individual may face due to weakened IMG_20170718_161256muscle strength such as those who suffer from motor neurone disease. The team spoke about how hard it must be for somebody’s biceps to always feel very painful and heavy as if a heavy bag was attached on to them! This made us reflect and contemplate about how difficult their home life could be, especially if they lived alone as simple everyday activities such as walking up the stairs could be a challenge to them.

The day was just as expected: very fun and factual! I always enjoy our student panel meetings as each meeting is different from the rest and always involves activities which I have never done before or even knew existed!

Huge thank you again to Dr Vicky MacBean and everybody else who works hard to make all our meetings amazing!

Sarah Ezzeddine, Year 12, Harris Academy Peckham

A Student Panel member writes about her experience of learning lung function techniques

On the 7th of July, as part of the King’s College Muscle Lab Student Panel session, we looked at measuring lung function in two ways, Impulse Oscillometry and Spirometry.

Impulse Oscillometry involved measuring the patient’s tidal breathing over 90 seconds at a 5Hz resistance. We felt the procedure was simple, and once you get used to the noise of the machine, easy to get good readings from. We repeated the examination 3 times, layering the graphs to ensure our results were concordant. We saw a regular trace graph over a 90 second period.19756366_1973918919558822_5565308448661342079_n

Spirometry was a little more difficult to carry out; we recorded some tidal breathing first to ensure the patient was comfortable and ready, then the patient was asked to inhale as much air as possible into the lungs, then exhale as quickly as possible, all air from their lungs (we encouraged this through shouting as we found the first time round both patients didn’t expel as much air as they could!). This gave us a forced expiratory volume in 1 second value. We also repeated this examination to ensure out results agreed.

Both these tests are good in determining aspects of airway function, with Spirometry also giving FEV1 values and vital capacity, and Impulse Oscillometry giving tidal breathing patterns, however for patients with breathlessness which is a common symptom seen in the chest clinic, these tests could be difficult to carry out and gain accurate results, especially from Spirometry. Also young children may find this difficult to carry out, as it can take a while to get used to breathing with your mouth round the mouthpiece and with a nose clip. Overall it was a good experience to get some practical skills in the clinic and gain some valid result and values to analyse.

Estelle Thomas, Year 12, Harris Academy Crystal Palace

A second Panel member reflects on last week’s meeting

Students interested in the Science and Medicine field were recently granted the special opportunity to be a part of the King’s Muscle Lab advisory student panel which took place down the road from King’s College Hospital. Many of those were Year 12 and 13 students who like myself were from the ‘Harris Experience Advanced’ scheme along with some other students from JFS, Burntwood and Graveney schools who were lucky enough to be invited with us! This was the first gathering of the upcoming few for many of the students.

Upon arrival, we met 6 professionals in various fields including Doctors, Physiologists, Physiotherapists and Researchers. Each one gave a helpful presentation about their journeys into their professions and the various routes they took. Some were not panel presentation 010317as successful as others in their initial attempt. However, this broadened my insight into the very many similar pathways I could take other than Medicine including biomedical research. Our day was based around the broad topic of ‘Physiology’, the study of the functioning of the body, and specifically ‘Paediatrics’.

Soon after, we were assorted into groups with people we’d never met and each group was assigned a speaker to work with for 15 minutes. Here, we had the beneficial opportunity of asking questions that we were curious about. We discussed the differences between adults and children and their lung capacities. We then answered the question “Are children mini adults?” To my surprise, the answer was no. We also got the chance to share our future aspirations with them and gain useful tips and advice including upcoming work experience offers with the team which I am thrilled by! panel notes sheet 010317

As an aspiring neurologist, my favorite thing which we spoke about was the topic of brain diseases such as epilepsy, a neurological disorder which causes recurrent seizures in an individual. Also, learning about what causes the irregular brain wave signals which a sufferer experiences was fun. We deduced how factors such as other health conditions, race and age make developing epileptic seizures much more likely. Dr Harris also informed us about children he previously worked with in Uganda where the rate of death caused by open-fires is exceptionally high. Along with this, we brain-stormed the many difficulties a modern family with an epileptic child could face and the future issues which could arise.

Altogether, the experience was fascinating and a great success. Dr MacBean and her team organized it very well for us to feel welcomed and comfortable with one and other despite it being the first time seeing each other. (Side note: the snacks we panel meeting 010317munched on whilst being fascinated by the works of the respiratory system were lovely and a great aid for helping us absorb the new scientific content we learned.) It was not at all as difficult and fact-heavy as I initially expected it to be and turned out to be one of my favorite experiences so far this year. I will definitely be including this experience on my personal statement in future when I apply for Medicine, which I feel more content in doing after the Muscle Lab!

Special thanks to everybody who worked hard to provide us students with such an amazing experience!

Written by Sarah Ezzeddine, Year 12 Harris Academy Peckham

A new Student Panel member writes about our Panel meeting on March 1st

For those, like me, who love science it is natural to consider becoming a doctor. However, many students have very little idea what this involves and there are limited opportunities to find out more. So I was very grateful to be invited onto the King’s Muscle Lab panel. I went for the first time today and loved it. I have done the usual volunteering and work experience but this gave me a genuine insight into real life inside the NHS – how the moving parts all work together to produce better outcomes. Our panel were able to properly talk to the doctors and other healthcare professionals about their work which was a particularly valuable experience.

I’d never 20170303161836been on a student panel and had no idea what it involved but when I was sent the itinerary with a list of guest speakers I started to get excited! I arrived at King’s College London Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience (is there anything they don’t do?!) with a few other keen scientists from my school. We were welcomed by Dr Vicky MacBean who introduced us to the ‘Muscle Lab’ and the visiting professionals and then we were off!

Each professional, a mixture of doctors, physiologists and physiotherapists, had fifteen minutes with their group of five to discuss a topic that incorporated everything from child physiology to ethics to care plans to early intervention. I was fascinated to see that so many professionals with such varied backgrounds were all working in the field of respiratory studies whether it was research or clinical. To see how all the healthcare professionals’ work fit together was particularly interesting and very reassuring for those on the panel who are trying to narrow down what they might want to do in the future. Whether you’re the person 20170303161741holding the spirometer measuring vital capacity or the person in the lab examining lung tissue you are part of a wider system that works with the primary focus of caring for patients. All the professionals that we met were at different stages of their career and yet all of them were genuinely enthused to be sharing their experiences with us.

The focus of the session was paediatrics and specifically how this differs to adult healthcare. It was emphasised that children are not just ‘mini adults’. Although all the students attending learnt a great deal it wasn’t like being in a class at school. The small group environment created an easy atmosphere for discussion where every idea was valued and we felt able suggest something that we weren’t necessarily sure was correct. We were guided by our experts but given the ability to be free thinkers.

I had an20170303161810 encouraging and inspiring experience at the ‘Muscle Lab’. It opened my eyes to the complexity of our comprehensive healthcare system which is particularly topical. Instead of leaving fearful for the future of the NHS I left energised by the passion and enthusiasm of those who are working to keep it going. Their desire to include the next generation in their work is admirable and I’m extremely lucky to have met such wonderful people with such passion for the respiratory system!

 

 

Post written by Tilly Roberts, Year 12 student at Graveney School, London

Student Panel meeting – 1st July 2016

Recently, a group of ‘Harris Experience Advanced’ Year 12 Scientists, including myself, and some other students from Burntwood, JFS and Graveney Schools were lucky enough to be invited to attend a visit to the King’s Muscle Lab at King’s College London in Denmark Hill.Notes page 1

Upon arrival we were invited into one of the lecture rooms where we received a short introduction about what the King’s Muscle Lab does, and the research that takes place there. The main focus of their research is Physiology, involving studying the functions of body systems, then linking this to respiratory problems and other diseases among patients.
We were first given insightful presentations from researchers carrying out projects for their studies at or allied to the King’s Muscle Lab which was interesting and very beneficial to us, as it allowed us to see the wide variety of projects that can be included within different science degrees, and what type of research areas we may want to look into pursuing ourselves, in the future.

We were then split into groups of mixed students from different schools, to talk about a disease called COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) and the subject areas linked to it with the academics. The groups were rotated so that everyone had a chance to discuss each area surrounding the topic. This gave us a chance to voice our opinions within a group of students that we had not met before, and it was fascinating to listen to others’ opinions and consider them in addition to our own, to form valid points for discussion.

Firstly, Ms Kylie Morgan (PhD student) lead a discussion on ‘the use of animal models for COPD Notes page 4research’ and we talked about the controversy of research into COPD and found that it is most commonly carried out on rats and mice, and discussed the ethics surrounding this. Following this, Dr Aish Sinha (Junior Doctor at King’s) encouraged discussion on how doctors and researchers are measuring and assessing the extent of the disease, and that it can be difficult to measure whether medication is successful for patients. COPD is heavily related to the issue of smoking, and in a discussion with Ms Basak Tas (PhD student) we explored the problem of addiction within COPD.
In the session with Ms Charlotte Cheadle (PhD student) we discussed pharmacological management of COPD and how medication is delivered. For people with COPD, the volume of air that can be exhaled is reduced however the volume of air that can be inhaled remains the same and this can affect patients in a variety of ways, both directly and indirectly. In a talk guided by Ms Arietta Spinou we came up with different ways a patient’s quality of life can be affected which we split into social impacts and physical impacts. Under the headline social, the anxiety the disease could cause for a patient was suggested, as they could become self-conscious of coughing in public which could lead to social isolation and loss of integrationNotes page 3 within their social circles. In terms of physical problems that COPD can cause, we discussed tiredness, which would limit the activities of their everyday lives, coughing which is heavily linked to social problems mentioned above, and having to turn down opportunities that cannot be adapted to fit with the disease. These short discussions were very insightful as the points that came up included some that I had not considered before.

Following the discussions, we then all met back in the lecture room to feed back. One person from each group was nominated to present their group’s views on each topic area and this allowed each group to build upon their opinions and bounce ideas off each other.

Overall the visit was a captivating experience, and as you can imagine, these events are veryNotes page 2 popular and we are very fortunate to have received such special treatment. On behalf of the Harris Federation and Harris Experience Advanced students, I can safely say that we all thoroughly enjoyed the visit and I would like to thank the members of staff that made it possible, with a special thanks to Dr Victoria MacBean and Dr Alan Lunt and the Academics that delivered and lead the group discussion sessions. We look forward to being involved in more of these fantastic opportunities in the future.

By Ashleigh Francis
Sixth Form Student at Harris City Academy Crystal Palace

A poem by Athos Athanasiou about the SpaceUp:UK conference

A wintry Friday in June we came to SpaceUp UK, bright eyed and keen, and this is what we heard.

If we age in space like we do on earth, but quicker
then we can raise our healthspan by making muscles thicker.
So move your muscles frequently, don’t be a floatanaut.
If you want to keep your health in age train like an astronaut.

Your skeleton aint static
cos blood runs through your bones.
We need high-res schematics
to map resulting holes.

Cardiac stem cells will senesce in Microgravity.
But there are ways around it for they go stochastically.
Cardiovascular degradation; we can’t get round that fact.
So run in the Space Station, yes that is how you act.

Low gravity in space could cause disks to expand.
It makes your back quite painful, whether you sit or stand.
In Heavy G they could contract and this is painful too.
But we don’t know a lot of why this will happen to you.

Our children will be living in a very different world,
so they should be our focus from a very early age.
Don’t teach them hocus pocus
and don’t just teach them STEM
Add A for Art
and make it steam.
Engage imagination, enthusiasm, dreams.
For the skills they need are lifewide.
And what we show them now will shape the world we leave behind.

Increase their science capital by reaching out to schools.
Show them that there’s a reason why we do the science we do.
Put pictures of a person looking down a microscope.
Knit a set of lungs or hearts. Knit dreams. Knit joy. Knit hope.
But get them involved
in the work you do.
Interviewing patients
and making posters.
They can bridge the communication gap.

Our brains evolved through gravity.
If you take that away,
the water pressure then builds up
and gives our heads a pain.
And if this pain is constant
you could become depressed.
But space is quite exciting now
so astronauts feel it less.

Standing still on earth, in bright light, on a flat surface,
We balance using 10% visual, 20% vestibular system in the ears and 70% proprioception.
If one is affected we undertaking sensory reweighting.
In astronauts the vestibular system gets messed up.
In a few days this reweighs
increasing dependence on the visual.
But visual quality also decreases.

If your dreams of bein’ an astronaut you don’t get to fulfill,
then set up the biggest space life science centre in Brazil.

In the stratosphere there is a sweet spot
where the air is warm and the water is liquid.
Test for life.
Not on the ground.
Up there
in the sky.
Do it independently.
Use Helium.
Send your project up there suspended on a string.
It might crash down,
but you would still have useful science.

On a flight to Mars, there’s greater risk of medical events.
And some are big so make sure the mission is medically capable.
How do you automate medicine, well an early warning system.
But beware, astronauts as soon as they get called astronauts believe they are infallible.

(To the tune of the Wombles’ theme)
Upstream market, downstream market, UK Space agency free.
They got involved in Tim’s mission to bring it back to you and me.
Making good use of experiment time they find.
Circadian rhythm the astronauts oft leave behind.
(Apologies Wombles)

Two superpower worked apart on Soyuz and Apollo
with duplicating problems and duplicating science.
They had to come together, there were far too many mistakes,
an unprecedented international collaboration in the ISS.
But that’s a start, the next step is
to work with other areas and fields cooperatively.

Homeostasis maintains the status quo.
In temperature, pressure, light and gravity.
It goes from -100o to 260o in 45 minutes.
Phew, that’s hard.
We need to help these astronauts stay well.

Puffy faces
Chicken legs
Spinal fluid
Pushes on the eye
The axial length is shortened
It makes it hard to get to Mars
We need to look to tests

Bob, he wears a spacesuit, it keeps his pressure even.
It mimics the loading we get right here on Earth.
It works by increasing tension in the vertical elastic fibres.
The fitting was quite intimate.
You can simulate the gravity in a Micro-G lab.
Then put it on and take it off in parabolic flight.

Influence policy. Use space tech for food and water shortage.
We can get a lot of data but it needs to be shared.
For those that need it most don’t have the access to it.

In 2018 James Webb Space Telescope will hopefully unfurl.
We’ll bite our nails for then, there’s lots that can go wrong.
And later WFIRST and LUVOIR.

Space tourism. DEBATE!
Space entertainment. DEBATE!
Space law. DEBATE!
There is much we need to think about.

So do we go by rocket or do we take the lift?
An elevator could give us payload as long as it don’t drift.
The price is prob’ly cheaper so that will help with thrift.
And so it seems that this would be a most fantastic gift.

And then? What then? Where should we go?
Let’s reach for the stars.
Don’t limit our thoughts, think beyond our technology.
Tweak some laws of Physics and then you can set sail.
But it’s all about the money and so about the time.
And will we get there before humanity may fail.

XCor does commercial space.
Get to Sydney in 2 hours.

Now we should thank those that worked hard to get this done.
Cheers and be jolly.
For Charles and Phil and Stephanie and Kate and Vicky and Molly.
And all those that I’ve missed.
And you the people taking part.
Who talked and listened.

So off you go with lots of facts re-join the Human Race.
And go and do exciting things that have to do with Space.

Athos Athanasiou
June 2016 at SpaceUpUK
@athosfolk
More space poems here: http://www.worldspaceweek.org/news/space-poem-day-world-space-week-day-1/
More Poems here http://athspoemaday.blogspot.co.uk/