Inclusive Education

Written by Chris Ross, Inclusive Learning and Teaching Officer 

Inclusive Education is not a new concept. Indeed, extensive literature is evident discussing the merits and virtues of teaching in an inclusive manner. The concept of Inclusive Practices is a wheel, which does not require to be re-invented or re-constructed. An impetus has gathered some momentum in recent times. Some of the salient reasons for the drive for Inclusive Education are:

  • Increased targets for international student recruitment
  • BME student attainment gap
  • ’Why is my curriculum white’
  • student liberation campaign
  • Student union representatives’ platforms e.g. on LGBTQ+ issues
  • Widening participation initiatives
  • Reduction in Disabled Students’ Allowance

All of which, contribute to the necessity for re-shaping our teaching delivery and interaction with our students, to ensure that their learning experience is as positive as we can make it. However, there are some key barriers that hinder implementation of Inclusive Education:

  • Leadership from the top
  • A focus on this area of development in the face of competing priorities
  • A realisation that culture change is at the root of this methodology.
  • Engagement with the concept across the University, for example in Professional Services as well as in the classroom
  • The initial resourcing and project planning to engage in change across the institute.
  • The time to enact change and the embedding of ways to measure success
  • An appreciation that beyond the ‘quick fix’, there is a long process of sustained engagement with this concept.
  • Support to engage staff across the university.

In January 2017, the Department For Education produced some guidelines, which are intended to support HEI’s in the quest for Inclusive Practices.

Here at King’s, we have taken a number of actions to advance the Inclusive Practices drive. These include:

  • Resources on KCL internal website
  • Alignment with KLI’s College-wide Changing Classrooms initiatives (education enhancement)
  • Alignment with KCL’s engagement with TEF and the 2029 Vision
  • Central Inclusive Education CPD packages plus bespoke training for departments
  • Supporting Faculty Inclusion strategies
  • Support with strategy and policy composition

A lot of guidance and resources can be found on the Inclusive Teaching portal, one of which is the Inclusive Teaching tool-kit which can be accessed via KEATS here. This device can be used to measure a practitioner’s inclusivity.

It is important to remember, that we cannot become Inclusive Practitioners overnight. A lot of time, thought and development is required with this process and its ongoing nature can inspire creativity and opportunities for new experiences.

Here are some quick tips to help with this development:

1. Housing all teaching materials on the virtual learning environment.
2. Improve the accessibility of all materials (For example MS Office accessibility checker).
3. Ensure reading lists are focussed, representative and up to date.
4. Facilitate the recording of teaching sessions.
5. The pre-selection of diverse learning groups.
6. Diversify the range of learning opportunities, approaches and assessment methods.
7. Regarding students as learning partners.
8. Seeking support and training on CPD opportunities.

 

Engaging with Teaching Support at King’s

Written by Dr Amy Birch 

As a member of research staff at King’s, it’s likely that you are engaged in supporting student learning. You might be doing this via the more traditional routes of tutorials, lectures, and laboratory demonstrations; however, you are also likely to be supporting students in your research environment – supervising undergraduate or postgraduate research projects or co-supervising PhD students.

Some of you may love engaging with students, while for some of you the thought of teaching may leave you in a cold sweat. Regardless of your level of enjoyment or experience, King’s offers a number of different options to support you.

King’s Learning Institute (KLI) support learning and teaching practises across the university. They offer courses for researchers very new to teaching, as well as postgraduate certificates for staff who wish to gain a formal qualification for teaching in higher education. If you are actively teaching at King’s, we recommend that you enrol for Preparing to Teach. Even if you have taught at other universities – this interactive course gives a huge amount of useful information specific to teaching at King’s. KLI have also produced Quick Guides to help staff who are new to teaching.

The Inclusive Education Portal is a fantastic collection of online guidance and resources that are accessible and easy to use. Together with the Inclusive Education Network, they support staff and students to implement and share best inclusive practises to enhance learning.

Have you considered e-learning? Digital education can help you engage more with your students. The Centre for Technology Enhanced Learning offer courses to help you get to grips with KEATS, designing e-learning modules, or create your own digital content. Ever had aspirations to start a podcast or vlog? They can help with that too!

Are you teaching in a health school faculty? You should be logging your teaching hours in the Education Database – not only does this provide information for the faculties about the contribution of staff to undergraduate & postgraduate programmes, it also provides a record of your teaching experience and competencies which can be used in your Professional Development Review. Want to teach but don’t know where to start? If you register your interest in teaching on this database, you can search for teaching availability across all health school faculties. Nb. The database is currently closed but will be opening again in July for staff to record their teaching hours – however you can still register your interest in future opportunities now.

Done all of these things? Great! Now you should consider applying for Higher Education Academy (HEA) professional recognition. Through the Teaching Recognition at King’s programme, you can apply for HEA professional recognition for free. Not only will this provide you with an internationally recognised badge of professional success, it also gives you the opportunity to share good practice with other HEA Fellows and get mentoring support.

Start engaging with these resources to heighten your teaching practices and create a supportive learning environment that fosters your students to fulfil their potential.

Getting Involved with Teaching

Written by Dr Alan Brailsford, Postdoctoral Analyst, Analytical & Environmental Sciences

Working at a university with around 29,000 students it isn’t surprising that the prospect of at least some involvement in teaching will occur during our life as researchers at King’s, and for those of us keen to contribute there is no shortage of opportunities. However, teaching involvement raises certain questions:  How much time can we commit to? How will any extra workload impact on our primary roles (papers, grants etc)? What are the benefits of teaching involvement?

As researchers we are hardly short of things to do during the working day (and frequently beyond), therefore finding additional time to devout to teaching can be difficult. The best way to resolve this conflict would seem to be open conversations with our line managers, to establish what level of teaching commitment can be realistically achieved given our other responsibilities. Such conversations can of course occur at anytime, but perhaps are most appropriate during a PDR. Not only is this the time for current contributions to be acknowledged, but future teaching input for the year ahead can be agreed upon by both parties, and any compromises regarding other responsibilities made (after all, there are only so many hours in the day). For example, the teaching commitment can be outlined as either a percentage of work time, or total hours over the year, therefore taking into account the inevitable fluctuations in the teaching load. Activities can easily be recorded and monitored through the Teaching Database, which has improved over the last few years and something as researchers we should be filling in to officially record our contribution. Furthermore, it maybe that after taking into account your teaching load it is necessary to review other commitments, for instance getting an agreement to push back other deadlines, or to pass on responsibilities.

Given the inevitable impact on other activities it is important that any teaching contribution is both beneficial to the individual and recognised by the university. Personally, I enjoy the interactions with students and seeing them grow and improve of the year I spend with them is highly rewarding. Project supervision while time consuming can be great for getting small projects done that I never quite get round to. Teaching can also be used to gain additional qualifications such as the Postgraduate Certificate in Academic Practise in Higher Education, which not only helps your CV but is beneficial for anyone wishing to pursue a career involving education.

As for recognition, in the longer term universities are increasingly offering career progression based on teaching related activates. More immediately though, recognition needs to come from within the department to those making a contribution, and more widely from the faculty and university, something which I know is being reviewed by King’s at the moment.

So in summary, for those wishing to be involved in teaching, both the opportunities and the benefits are there. But to be maximised successfully time management and establishing realistic expectations and goals are important.

Creating a Respectful Workplace Culture

Written by Catharine Ramshaw, Athena SWAN Project Manager, Institute of Pharmaceutical Science and Analytical & Environmental Sciences

Bullying and harassment, which takes many forms, can have a lasting effect on our work and home lives and our ability to do our jobs, which is why it’s important that all staff are aware of what is unreasonable or inappropriate behaviour and where they can go for help.

Here in the Institute of Pharmaceutical Science we recently submitted an application for an Athena SWAN award. Our application evidences what the division is doing to embed principles and practices of equality, support and development for all staff and students, with a focus on women as throughout the UK they continue to be under-represented in senior academic positions within STEMM.

In the course of writing our application and producing our action plan, we took the opportunity to really delve into the culture of the division and look at what we could be doing to ensure that attitudes and behaviours were conducive to a cohesive and supportive working environment. We wanted to ensure that line managers were aware of what they needed to be providing in terms of support for staff and PhD students, that expectations on people’s time and capacities were reasonable and that communication was clear and respectful at all times. Similarly, we wanted to make sure that staff and students knew where to go for support or recourse if they felt that these expectations weren’t being met, or if they had concerns that they couldn’t share with their line manager or supervisor.

So we have organised a series of trainings throughout March for all staff to attend which will workshop some of the issues that staff and students might experience in their roles, and reinforce the principles of what is appropriate, respectful and  supportive behaviour. Through looking at some of the different scenarios which people may face in their place of work and study such as inflexibility around workload and life balance, over-demanding expectations and poor communication, the sessions will help staff work through what behaviours are appropriate and what courses of actions and styles of communication are most helpful.

We also wanted to make sure that if staff were encountering issues, and felt that they couldn’t speak to their line manager or supervisor, that they were aware of what avenues were open to them and where they could find support and advice. So a small team of volunteers within the division in professional services, academic and research roles have been trained by Acas (the UK Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service) to act as confidential, impartial advisors. They have a dedicated email address where they can be contacted confidentially and we will be advertising their presence widely throughout the division.

It’s our aim that with this two pronged approach of awareness and support we will ensure a culture of respect and support, and that all staff and students will feel confident in discussing issues affecting them and seeking support when needed. We will be doing a follow up survey later in the year to ask staff and students how they feel about the actions we have put in place and will continue to learn from feedback about what further actions people would like to see and what support they would like to receive.

Taking a Stand

Written by Debbie Epstein, Diversity & Inclusion Manager 

One way to help create a culture where everyone has a common understanding of the standards of appropriate behaviour and behaviour that will not be tolerated, is to become an active bystander.  An active bystander is someone who observes unacceptable behaviour and takes steps to make a difference.  They assess the situation, decide what kind of help, if any might be appropriate, evaluate options and choose a strategy for responding.

This type of action sends a strong signal of solidarity to the person who is on the receiving end of the behaviour, and indicates to both parties, and any witnesses, what you consider to be acceptable conduct.  The behavioural norms can shift, if a core number of people have a common understanding of what is acceptable, as the group effect means any outliers will be discouraged from stepping outside these established norms.  Research, mainly conducted in the US, shows that where comprehensive active bystander training and interventions have been put in place, to help reduce the incidence of sexual harassment and violence on campus amongst students, these have been effective.

So how can we be active bystanders and stand up to inappropriate behaviour that we and others experience?

Key steps to take when assessing potential situations:

  • Is the behaviour unacceptable, does it have the ability to cause offense, make someone feel uncomfortable, awkward or humiliated?
  • Can you play a role?  What are you hoping to achieve, is someone else better placed to step in?
  • What are your options?  See below for some suggestions
  • What are the risks to you and others?  Are they worth taking, how could they be reduced?
  • Should you act, and if so now or later?

Active bystander strategies

Below are some suggested approaches, but there will be others.  It’s important not to put yourself or others at risk through the action you take, so use your judgment and common sense and take advice if needed.  You can find more about each of these strategies here.

Strategies in the Moment:

  • Name or acknowledge an offense
  • Point to the “elephant in the room”
  • Interrupt the behaviour
  • Publicly support an aggrieved person
  • Use body language to show disapproval
  • Use humour (with care)
  • Encourage dialogue
  • Help calm strong feelings
  • Call for help

Strategies after the Fact: 

  • Privately support an upset person
  • Talk privately with the party who has committed the act

King’s Diversity & Inclusion Team has started to adopt the active bystander approach in training that is offered to students, and from September 2017 all students will be encourage to participate in an on-line module which includes a focus on active bystander strategies.  Work is currently being undertaken to assess how to make consistent the reporting, support, policies and practices covering bullying and harassment for staff and students, so that provision builds on the already successful and nationally recognised It Stops Here Campaign.

Content for this posting was taken from here.

Further reading:

http://www1.uwe.ac.uk/bl/research/interventioninitiative.aspx

A Review of Evidence for Bystander Intervention

Challenging Bullying at work

Written by Dr Amy Birch

Bullying can affect staff at every level of institution and from all backgrounds. It involves a misuse of power, and is often perpetrated by managers against staff over whom they have power. There is no statutory definition of bullying, but is defined by ACAS (Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service as behaviour that:

  • Is offensive, intimidating, malicious or insulting
  • Is an abuse of power,
  • Uses means intended to undermine humiliate, denigrate or injure the recipient.

The higher education environment encourages discussion, debate and critical appraisal. However, this may lead to a situation where behaviours that undermine individuals are more easily justified, whether consciously or unconsciously. Competition within academia, not least the “publish or perish” mentality, and increased workloads may also lead to a culture that masks bullying and aggressive behaviours as affective tactics as high internal competition. However, being aware of these behaviours and feeling confident to challenge them can help to educate all staff that this is not tolerated.

How can you beat bullying at work? Below are some tips of what to do if you face bullying at work:

  • First, don’t blame yourself and do not ignore it – this will only make you feel worse.
  • Keep a record of all events; along with all evidence of negative acts (e.g. email/written correspondence) and any witnesses – if you have a work diary, it is helpful to write specific instances on the days that they happened.
  • Keep a record of how the events are affecting you – how does it make you feel? How does it affect your mental, physical, and emotional health? Does it have any impact on your family/social life?
  • Seek an informal resolution early, where possible – sometimes it is possible to ask the perpetrator to stop. They may not recognise that their behaviours are inappropriate and this may provide a quick and effective resolution. It may be helpful to write down what behaviours you find offensive (avoiding emotive and general comments about the person), what effect they have on you and how you would like this behaviour to change. If appropriate, take a friend or union representative with you but it is advisable to let all parties know that you are going to do this in advance.
  • Discuss your situation with your support network within and outside work:
    • Talk with your local HR advisors, staff representatives, or diversity and inclusion champion
    • Contact the Employee Assistance Programme; this is a service that provides independent, free, confidential advice and guidance on a range of practical issues for staff on both home and work concerns. This service is paid for by King’s College London and is free to all employees.
    • If you are a member of a union, seek advice from a college representative. There will be formal and informal procedures for dealing with the situation. The decision on how to progress rests fully on you; however, it is important that the union is aware of any incidents involving their members.
    • Support is also available from charitable organisations: Mind can offer support via phone (03001233393) and email (info@mind.org.uk). Samaritans are available to talk 24 hours a day, 365 days a year by calling 116123 on any phone.

FoLSM Bullying & Harassment Awareness Month

Written by Dr Ah-Lai Law, Diversity & Inclusion Champion in FoLSM

I am the Diversity and Inclusion Representative for The Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine (FoLSM) whilst working as a postdoc at the Randall Division.  My time working in different academic institutions has helped me recognise that research staff work in a unique environment. The academic environment is not less or more stressful than a job in industry or in the corporate world and is not less “real”. Quite simply, the stress is different. Most of us are in academia because the research is interesting and it engages our minds. We never stop thinking about the research we do and our research becomes part of us; perhaps similar to nurturing a child and wanting your child to succeed. We often work self-inflicting hours to achieve deadlines and to get the result we want. Hours spent getting an experiment to work is soul draining but when you do succeed, the reward of the euphoric feeling of  gaining new knowledge is immense and addictive and makes the constant battle with the peaks and troughs  worthwhile. This drive we have makes competition fierce. This, I feel has, helped develop a culture where working long hours are normal and sometimes even expected of you. The competitive environment also adds to the pressure. Most of the time, the pressure is manageable but sometimes this pressure turns into behaviour that is bullying and harassment, which perhaps was not even intentional.

The Research Staff Network (RSN) representatives recognise that bullying, harassment and discrimination exists and this can occur across many different levels in the academic hierarchy and these unwanted behaviours come in many forms. The FoLSM Bullying and Harassment Awareness month is a campaign to
help raise the awareness of bullying, harassment and discrimination and to offer sources of help and advice.  We have put on two repeating events: Monday 20th March: 12-2 pm at Guy’s and Tuesday 28th 4-6 pm at Waterloo to help us understand what to do and how to deal with bullying, harassment and discrimination.  These events will also help us to understand more about the different problems people experience so that we can change existing unwanted behaviour. My role as Diversity and Inclusion Representative is to listen to your views, problems and suggestions and relay this back to the decision making heads to better our work place environment and make it a place that is inclusive and supportive to allow everyone to thrive.

If you are interested in similar events being held within your faculty, please contact Dr Amy Birch at amy.birch@kcl.ac.uk

Ah-Lai Law is a postdoc in the Randall Division. She is currently the Diversity and Inclusion Representative for The Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine and is a member of the Faculty Diversity & Inclusion Steering Group and Kings Harassment Working Group. Ah-Lai completed her PhD at UCL and joined Kings after her first postdoc in Paris. These posts have provided her with experience in a variety of research environments and a clear understanding of the obstacles often experienced by research staff both in their native country and in a foreign country. Ah-Lai enjoys running and the arts in her spare time.

 Poster 3  28-02-2017

EU Funding for UK Higher Education Sector

Written by Daniela Amadio & Sian Warr, EU Research Funding Office

“When we – the UK- consider our leading worldwide position in terms of research and innovation, we need to partly thank our access to European Union funding …” says the Head of the EU Research Funding Office, Mr. Daniel Walker.

Involvement in EU research schemes and projects can be extremely beneficial to a researcher’s professional development as EU Funding schemes are prestigious, internationally recognised, aid career progression and a project management learning experience.

There are a diverse range of EU Funding Schemes open to researchers at all career stages and across a broad spectrum of disciplines.  The Horizon2020 schemes focus on research & innovation with an emphasis on the impact in academia and the wider European society; Erasmus+ enables student and staff mobility; whilst the COST scheme allows researchers to build European networks and share knowledge.

Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme ever and one of the largest worldwide. As of 30 September 2016, the UK was the top country in terms of numbers of participations in Horizon 2020 projects (around 13.3% of the total participations) and second in terms of funding received from Horizon 2020 (around15.3% of total funding awarded)[1].

Currently the UK is still an EU Member State and will remain so during the whole negotiation period, after invoking Article 50. This has been confirmed by several sources in the European Commission[2] and by a recent statement from the government[3]: the statement provides assurance to UK organisations and it reiterates that British universities should continue to apply for EU funding. Now it is therefore the time to engage in EU funding as long as we can, and the EU Research Funding Office can help you out with that.

We represent the first port of call for any enquiries about EU funding. Our mission is to advise potential applicants, assist in non-technical aspects of the application, offer training and tailored support throughout the whole cycle of your application and even beyond during the lifetime of your awarded project. You can find our contact details here and we look forward to hearing from you and assisting you to win your first EU funded project!

[1] https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/uks-participation-in-horizon-2020-september-2016

[2] https://ec.europa.eu/programmes/horizon2020/en/news/outcome-referendum-united-kingdom

[3] https://www.gov.uk/government/news/chancellor-philip-hammond-guarantees-eu-funding-beyond-date-uk-leaves-the-eu

The Teaching Excellence Framework

Written by Kelly Coate & Rebecca Browett, King’s Learning Institute 

This year, King’s entered the Teaching Excellence Framework, which is a government initiative designed to recognise, reward and improve teaching in higher education. The TEF has generated much controversy across the sector, partly because it is linked to an increase in tuition fees, and as such it was the subject of discussion at a Governing Council meeting earlier this year. The decision taken by Council was for King’s to participate in TEF in order to help shape its future development, which we are in the process of doing.

The TEF focuses on three areas of our education provision: teaching quality; the learning environment; and student outcomes. The core metrics are based on NSS scores, non-continuation rates, and the Destination of Leavers from Higher Education (DLHE) survey data. In addition we produced a 15 page ‘Provider Submission’ (which can be read here: https://www.kcl.ac.uk/study/learningteaching/kli/Teaching-Excellence-Framework/KCL-TEF2-Provider-Submission.pdf) to be assessed alongside the metrics. In May we will find out whether the panel of assessors have awarded King’s a bronze, silver or gold ranking.

Key issues for King’s were that London Russell Group institutions tend not to do well on the NSS in general, so although we were in good company in terms of where we came out in the metrics, we did have to consider whether it was worth engaging in a process in which we lacked some confidence. The other key issue was the decision of the Students’ Union to disengage with the process, which we understood and respected. You can read the joint university and KCLSU statement about TEF here: http://www.kcl.ac.uk/newsevents/news/newsrecords/2017/01-January/Joint-university-and-KCLSU-statement-on-TEF.aspx

While we await the panels’ assessment of the King’s submission, we have time to consider what the likely impact might be on the sector, the institution and individual staff. For researchers, the TEF might seem to be irrelevant. Yet for an institution such as King’s that promotes the synergies between research and teaching, there are many reasons why we would want to ensure that TEF and REF are not two completely separate entities. Certainly TEF has the potential, when they get the metrics right, to focus our attention and energy on improving the education experience for students, articulating better what is distinctive and valuable about education at King’s (including how research enhances teaching and vice versa), and recognising and disseminating excellence where it exists.

Get your Voice Heard on the REF 2021

Written by Nudrat Siddiqui 

The implementation of the Research Excellence Framework (REF) in 2014 is thought to have strengthened best practice in the way research is assessed. One probably unintended consequence was that it resulted in unease for many members of research staff trying to break into the Academy. The REF has seen universities placing expectations on research staff in their recruitment practices similar to those associated with senior academics, such as requiring hopeful job candidates to have already whipped up a certain number of REF ready outputs, or be working tirelessly towards delivering them by the end of their probationary period if offered a post. These might seem to be practically Herculean feats as the volatile nature of research staff contracts often entails constantly scouring for new jobs, as well as teaching and short-term research project commitments, leaving limited time to engage in the independent research called upon for the REF.

The REF isn’t all doom and despair though. It has also brought about positive change, with many research staff reporting that it has encouraged them to start factoring public engagement and impact initiatives into their careers early on. This is also aligned to several guiding principles of King’s Strategic Vision 2029.

In the run up to the second REF in 2021, the President of the British Academy, Lord Stern, conducted a review of the REF and made a recommendation to block the portability of research outputs – A recommendation which if approved would mean that research outputs would not be transferable to other institutions. This has added to existing anxiety, with publications often viewed as the golden ticket to move to different institutions as contracts end, and to ultimately secure a permanent academic position. If the recommendation proceeds, it has been suggested that research staff should be exempted from it.

King’s is currently participating in the university-wide consultation for REF 2021 and invites your views, particularly on three main areas:

  • The Stern non-portability recommendation;
  • The approach to research impact;
  • Which members of research staff should be included in the REF.

Members of the Research Staff Representative Committee, comprised of faculty representatives from across the university, will be feeding into the consultation through King’s. Have you got something to say about the areas of consultation? Contact your faculty representative to get your views across before the deadline of February 28th 2017. Though the final specifications for the REF 2021 will not be shaped by King’s alone, your voice as King’s research staff community is paramount to both the university’s consultation, as well as the wider national position on it.