New UK Department of Health guidance on domestic violence

 

DH policy document dv

A new document has been published by the Department of Health in the UK as a resource for NHS staff and other professionals working with people who have experienced domestic violence. The document is called ‘Responding to domestic abuse: a resource for health professionals.’ The resource looks at how health professionals can support adults and young people over 16 who are experiencing domestic abuse, and dependent children in their households.

It aims to help health staff to identify potential victims, initiate sensitive routine enquiry and respond effectively to disclosures of abuse. Commissioners will gain insight into services to support people experiencing domestic violence and abuse, and the importance of joined-up local strategic planning.

The resource draws on the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence multi-agency guidelines on domestic violence and abuse, and provides:

  • the legal and policy contexts of domestic abuse in England
  • information for commissioners on effective integrated care pathways
  • information for service providers on shaping service delivery
  • what health practitioners need to know and do
  • information to ensure the right pathway and services are in place locally

The new guidance document can be downloaded here.

Worcester University Conference on the impact of violence and abuse on children and young people

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Worcester University are planning a conference on 5 – 6th June 2017 hosted alongside the National Centre for the Study and Prevention of Violence and Abuse (NCSPVA). The focus of the 2017 annual conference is on examining the intersections of childhood and adulthood within the context of violence and abuse. The aim of this conference is to further the understanding of evidence based practice through reflection on developments to date, and the future needs of children growing up within a context of violence. To this end the conference will host a number of keynote presentations and individual oral and poster presentations that will showcase regional, national and international research and practice innovations relating to childhood and violence and safeguarding within this context. The organisers wish to invite all those who work with this issue to attend in order to network and share best practice and to engage in conversations to further evidence based practice.

Please find the link for the conference website here including key note speakers, costs and booking details.

To call or email for further information please contact:

Esther Dobson on 01905 54 2711 or edobson@worc.ac.uk

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Guardian article responds to controversial comments made by retiring judge on women’s drinking habits and rape

judge Lindsey

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The Guardian have published criticisms made by the Northumbria police and crime commissioner Dame Vera Baird in response to comments made by a retiring judge Lindsey Kushnar. Judge Kushman said victims of rape who had been drinking are less likely to be believed than those who were sober. Dame Vera Baird believes the comments made by judge Kushman were ‘victim blaming’ and may stop women coming forward to the police if they were raped and had been drinking. The full article is available here

 

 

Paper on Reconsidering Perpetrator Typologies by Professor David Gadd

boys to men projboys to men collab

david.gadd@manchester.ac.uk

Practitioners working with men who are violent towards women will routinely encounter men who claim the causes of their behaviour are unique or specific to a relationship that has gone wrong. Such claims must be treated with caution and read against the backcloth of victim testimonies that reveal a continuum of violence in very many women’s lives. But neither can they be dismissed outright as there is ample evidence of diversity among perpetrator populations in terms of the intentions behind their violence, the pattern it takes, and the life circumstances that have led up to it.

Typological approaches to domestic violence have been developed in large part to assist practitioners identify differences in their client groups and to help them find ways to target their interventions to better effect. Two approaches have predominated in the literature. The first might be considered a typology of violent scenarios and is most associated with Michael Johnson’s (2006) book; the second is a typology of abusive personality types and is most closely associated with the work of Amy Holtzworth-Munroe and her collaborators (Holtzworth-Munroe & Stuart, 1994; Holzworth-Munroe and Meehan; Holzworth-Munroe et al, 2000). The first approach differentiates between violence that is ‘Situational Couple’ or ‘Separation-Instigated’ – neither of which are said to implicate gendered power differentials – and Coercively Controlling ‘Intimate Terrorism’ and ‘Violent Resistance’ – both of which do. The second approach differentiates between perpetrators classified as 1) ‘Family-Only’ 2) ‘Dysphoric-Borderline’ and 3) ‘Generally Violent-Antisocial’. Some commentators suggest that the personality types can be mapped onto the violent scenarios: the violence of family-only batterers is more sporadic and context-specific and hence typically ‘situational couple’ or ‘separation-instigated’, while dysphoric-borderline and violent-antisocial batterers frequently engage in severe forms of violence, often for reasons that are underpinned by misogynistic,  conservative or patriarchal values articulated as jealousy or authoritarianism (Holtzworth-Munroe and Meehan, 2004; Dixon and Browne, 2003).

What is less often acknowledged, however, is that to make the typologies work around a third of participants have to remain unclassified (Johnson et al. 2006; Holtzworth-Munroe et al., 2000). Those in the unclassified groups are more likely to be young adults – the section of the population survey research consistently shows to perpetrate the most disproportionate amount of domestic violence relative to other age bands, as well as the age band most likely to report having been assaulted by a partner themselves (ONS, 2014). Of course, younger male perpetrators also have more opportunity to move on, do things different and hence to change, whether for better or for worse, than men with long histories of abuse, damaged relationships and/or criminal records. For this reason, we need to be careful not to over-reify the ‘types’ found in typologies. Indeed, it is logical to expect personalities to change in the aftermath of violence, separation and/or the stigma of becoming known as a perpetrator to the police, one’s friends, family or children. In such circumstances, some perpetrators will become more paranoid, ashamed, depressed, and drink or drug dependent. This can lead some to become more controlling as they coerce others into keeping the violence secret. Others will recognise that they have a problem, or be supported in doing so when the violence or other problematic features of their lives come to someone else’s attention, when their partner leaves or seeks support herself, or when they enter a new relationship and become fearful of messing it up. Practitioners need therefore to be alive to the different meanings violence can have for men who use it and how these meanings can change – or be changed – during the course of tragic incidents as well as afterwards when the behaviour is brought to light and opportunities to talk about it present themselves. Often the meaning of men’s violence will allude simple classification and will not always be fully understood by perpetrators themselves, especially when there has been explosive or sudden rage as a response to something hurtful that has been said or thought. In such instances, domestic violence needs careful interpretation, informed by what is said about what happened, knowledge of the relationship history and of the perpetrator’s biography. This is something we attempted in the From Boys to Men Project and in our book Young Men and Domestic Abuse. It is also illustrated in the free to access paper.

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References

Gadd, D. & Corr, M-L. (2017) ‘Beyond Typologies: Foregrounding Meaning and Motive in Domestic Violence Perpetration’ Deviant Behavior http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01639625.2016.1197685

Gadd, D., Fox, C., Corr, M-L., Butler, I. and Alger, S. (2015) Young Men and Domestic Abuse. London: Routedge.

Holtzworth-Munroe, A. (2000) Typology of Men Who Are Violent Toward Their Female Partners: Making Sense of the Heterogeneity in Husband Violence. Current Directions in Psychological Science 9(4): 140-143.

Holtzworth-Munroe, A., Meehan, J. C., Herron, K., Rehman, U., & Stuart, G. L. (2000) Testing the Holtzworth-Munroe and Stuart (1994) batterer typology. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 68(6): 1000–1019.

Holtzworth-Munroe, A and Meehan, J. (2004) Typologies of Men Who Are Maritally Violent Scientific and Clinical Implications. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19(12): 1369-1389.

Holtzworth-Munroe, A. and Stuart, G. (1994) Typologies of Male Batterers. Psychological Bulletin, 16(3): 476-497.

Johnson, M. (2006). A Typology of Domestic Violence. Boston: New University Press.

Johnson, R. Gilchrist, E. Beech, A., Weston, S., Takriti, R., and Freeman, R. (2006) Psychometric Typology of U.K. Domestic Violence Offenders. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 21(10):1270-85.

ONS (2014) ‘Chapter 4 – Intimate Personal Violence and Partner Abuse’ Crime Statistics, Focus on Violent Crime and Sexual Offences, 2012/13, London: ONS.

Worcester University are holding an event for International Women’s Day: The resilience of women within the refugee crisis

As previously posted Worcester University are running a number of events for International Women’s Day.

sewing machine

On Wednesday 8th March 2pm-6pm there will be presentations and a discussion on the resilience of women within the refugee crisis taking place in Room RBG008, Severn Campus, University of Worcester

IWD2017 #BeBoldForChange

Beverley Gilbert, Senior Lecturer, NCSPVA, University of Worcester will open the even with an introductions to the speakers

Professor Jenny Phillimore, Director, Institute for Research into Superdiversity (IRiS) will talk on Gender and Refugee Integration

Alexis Wright, Post Graduate Student, NCSPVA, University of Worcester will discuss Refugee Women and Boob Jobs – an intersectional feminist approach to the asylum process.

Caroline Gregory, Editor, Writer, Traveller, Aid Worker @caztravels will present on The Experience of Gender when Working in Refugee Camps

Kirsty Fraser, University of Worcester and Director of People in Motion will present on Invisible Warriors – Women in Grande-Synthe Refugee Camp

Bookings:

£25 per person. To book a place, please got to:

https://ext-webapp-01.worc.ac.uk/cgi-bin/womensday/booking.pl

There are a limited number of concessionary/free places available for those working in the refugee support sector or students at the University of Worcester.

AVA and AGENDA European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction report on health and social responses to drug problems

AVA AGENDA iop report

 

Agenda and Against Violence and Abuse (AVA) have recently published a literature review on what constitutes a gender sensitive service for women experiencing multiple disadvantage exploring some of the key components from a range of sources across both the grey and peer reviewed literature. Following in the footsteps of the the report ‘Women and Girls at risk: evidence across the life course’ (McNeish & Scott 2014), the review is now being used to undertake a national mapping of gender sensitive services in order to build a better picture of service delivery for women with experiences of multiple forms of disadvantage.

Agenda is an alliance of over 70 organisations who have come to gather to campaign for better services for women facing multiple disadvantage such as problematic substance use, mental ill-health, homelessness and violence. AVA is a national organisation working to end all forms of gender based violence  through the production of resources, learning, policy, research and prevention work. Further information about their work can be found online www.weareagenda.org  and www.avaproject.org.uk

You can download the report here

 

Sentencing for stalking is being increased in the UK from 5 – 10 years

 

alc review spec issue

A recent paper from Gilchrist and colleagues on “Controlling behaviours and technology facilitated stalking reported by men receiving treatment for substance use in England and Brazil” has recently been published in Drug and Alcohol Review highlighting the prevalence of such behaviours. In 2015, in the UK, the Serious Crime Act (2015) established a new offence of controlling or coercive behaviour in intimate or familiar relationships, carrying a maximum sentence of five years’ imprisonment, a fine or both. In January, the Ministry of Justice announced that the maximum prison sentence for stalking is to be doubled to 10 years.

To read the full paper by Gilchrist and colleagues please click here.

Special issue on Intimate Partner Violence by Drug and Alcohol Review

 alc review spec issue

A Special Issue on Intimate partner violence and substance misuse has just been published by Drug and Alcohol Review edited by Dr Gail Gilchrist (King’s College London) and Professor Kelsey Hegarty (University of Melbourne)  

Download papers here  

“This special issue provides commentaries, debate, reviews and primary research that contribute to our understanding of the role of alcohol and other drugs in intimate partner and dating violence, and desistance from violence; that identify the pathways to and factors associated with different types of IPV; and that offer solutions for responding to IPV among people who use substances. The series emphasises the urgent need for tailored integrated interventions to address different types of IPV among substance users”

International Women’s day event at Worcester University

internat womens day

International Women’s Day: ‘The resilience of women within the refugee crisis’

Wednesday, 08 March 2017

International Women’s Day on 8th March 2017 celebrates the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women across the world and makes a call to action to gender parity.  We can all be a leader within our own lives to influence and take action to accelerate the collective advancement of women. Join the University of Worcester to #BeBoldForChange.

Worcester University are presenting an array of academic, practitioner and individual perspectives on 8th March, celebrating the resilience, the courage and the strength of women refugees who flee their homes with their families to safety. Their IWD2017 theme is the resilience of displaced women. Cost: £25

For more information, please proceed to the booking form found here 

 

 

Successful Learning Alliance meeting at Worcester University

dani presentdiscuss la feb

The West Midlands ADVANCE team were excited last week to bring together key organisations and academics from the field of IPV and substance misuse to discuss the ADVANCE project. The Learning Alliance will work together to strengthen and support the exchange of information, whilst enhancing the possibilities of mainstreaming the integration of domestic abuse interventions with substance use services.

Members of the West Midlands Learning Alliance included the following organisations: Swanswell, Public Health England, West Midlands Violence Prevention Alliance, West Midlands Police, Richmond Fellowship, West Mercia Rape & Sexual Abuse Support Centre, Police and Crime Commissioner, West Mercia, Anawim, West Mercia Women’s Aid, South Staffordshire and Shropshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust, Aquarius, Worcester County Council, Safe & Sound Malvern Hills and Cranston.

The Worcester Research Team introduced the ADVANCE project in-depth, and explained the projects goals and workstreams. Representatives discussed their thoughts on the research plans and highlighted best practice surrounding safety when recruiting survivors of IPV into research. Representatives discussed language used to recruit survivors and safety protocols that should be implemented for both the participants and researchers taking part.

Overall, feedback from the first meeting was very positive with representatives expressing how nice it was to be able to share experiences of the challenging nature when working with substance users + IPV perpetrators with similar organisations.

The next meeting will be in June. If you would like more information on the Learning Alliance or would like to attend the next Learning Alliance meeting then please contact Amy Johnson on a.johnson@worc.ac.uk.